Legislazione europea e disciplina interna del subappalto: un’aporia culturale?

Sommario: 1. – Introduzione. – 2. Il modello tendenzialmente liberale accolto dal legislatore europeo in materia di contrattualistica pubblica e gli spazi di intervento normativo deferiti agli Stati membri. – 3. Gli accertamenti preclusivi contenuti nelle sentenze Vitali, Tedeschi e Tim. – 4. Gli effetti di tali sentenze sui giudici amministrativi: il loro valore tendenzialmente ultra partes (e non vincolante erga omnes). – 5. … e sull’attività delle amministrazioni aggiudicatrici. – 6. L’art. 73, lett. d) della direttiva 2014/24 e il contemperamento con la certezza del diritto e con la stabilità dei rapporti giuridici. – 7. Riflessioni conclusive.

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Abstract

Serious frictions between EU law and the Italian subcontracting rules result from recent ECJ case law. After focusing on the regulatory model adopted by the relevant European Directives and the discretion reserved to the Member States, first, the paper adresses such case law and its likely impact on Italian administrative judges due to the binding force of the ECJ preliminary rulings. Second, it focuses on the consequences it will have on the activity of national contracting authorities, in the light of the doctrines of direct effect and primacy of EU law over inconsistent national legislation. Third, it deals with the influence of such case law on the existing public contracts as envisaged by Article 73 of Directive n. 2014/24/EU – a problematic issue to be evaluated through the prism of the principles of legal certainty and stability of contracts. The essay ends with general observations on the underlying aporia that marks the relation of the Italian Code on public procurement with the EU subcontracting provisions.

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